Hybrid Cars in India 2019
Environment Safety and government norms on emission and also increase in population, pollution, low maintenance and decreasing fossil fuels altogether are ringing the bells of alternative source that is “Hybrid Powertrain Technology”
The Three Main Types of Hybrids
The quiet definition for a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is one that builds upon two different power sources.
Hybrids can be divided into three main types: These are:
- Full hybrids
- Plug-in hybrids
- Mild hybrids (mild & micro-hybrid)
In India, the “two different power sources” hybrids rely upon are for now only petrol and electricity, but in Europe, there are some diesel-electric hybrids.
The system then works with the share an overlapping set of technology. The main goal is to maximize the use of the electric portion in drive train because the electric motor is efficient and produces no emission.
All petrol-electric hybrids are utilizing some battery pack and electric motor. The car manufacturers have come up with various ways to keep the battery charged.
- A full hybrid like the Honda Accord and Toyota Camry hybrid. This can fully recharge while driving.
- The plug-in hybrid which can partially recharge on-road needs to plug in to efficiently recharge and then go. Like
3. Mild hybrid it doesn’t run the car with an electric motor it just start-stop the car and operates convenient systems like an air-conditioner. Like Maruti Ciaz, Toyota Glanza, Maruti Baleno and Mahindra Scorpio.
The batteries in regular “full” or “mild” hybrids are recharged through a couple of ways.
One way is the “regenerative braking” system The motor “acts in reverses” and works to create electric energy when the car is slowing down. The accompanying electric friction assists the conventional brakes in overcoming inertia and helps slow the vehicle. This packed electric charge is used to perform tricks “stop-start” technology. This shut down the engine when the car comes to apply the brake and also to run air condition at that time of the stop, in common to all, is releasing the brake lets the engine restart instantly in mild hybrids example: Maruti Baleno, Toyota Glanza, Mahindra Scorpio https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pqRlkAYLDZs
Another way hybrid vehicle is that it recharges its own battery ‘on the move’ – as it’s being driven by its conventional engine – it even recharges itself when you brake, too.
In full hybrid, the charge is used to run and perform all driving activities in the car. This leads to high fuel efficiency in hybrid cars, for example, Honda Accord, Toyota Camry.
The regular way is Plug in the car to charge it example: Toyota Prius
All “regular” hybrids – except plug-in hybrid. Full hybrids are the most fuel-efficient. They use all the technologies described above, and the most accurate engineered results.
Full hybrids are most efficient and sophisticated because they choose automatically series mode, parallel mode, and all-electric modes.
In a series hybrid is a power train that uses the electric motor to drive the wheels, and the engine to provide the power as an on-board generator. In other words, the engine never mechanically turns the drive wheels example: Diesel engines are series hybrid.
In a parallel hybrid, both engine and motor contribute to driving the wheels.
The control unit won’t let itself run out of electric power and will switch on the engine as needed.
A mild hybrid is not efficient and as sophisticated as full hybrids. It’s simple and limited to parallel mode.
A simple way of looking at mild hybrids is it operates while the engine is on. They are not powerful enough to propel the car without the engine on and also doing some of the work with regenerative braking systems like stop-start and air conditioner on when engine-off mode.
Plug-in hybrids are pure electric vehicles. Currently, there are few plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are running in the market like Toyota Prius
Plug-in hybrid includes all the technologies in full hybrid except engine but having large batteries.